(AIDS Full Form: What is Full Form of AIDS? : HIV Full Form)
AIDS Full Form is “Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome”.
HIV Full Form is “Human immunodeficiency Virus.”
It is a serious and sometimes fatal condition caused by the “Human immunodeficiency Virus” (HIV). HIV attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells (T cells), which help the body fight off infections. Untreated, HIV reduces the number of CD4 cells (T cells) in the body, making the person more likely to get other infections or infection-related cancers. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and diseases anymore. These opportunistic infections or cancers take advantage of a very weak immune system and signal that the person has AIDS.
HIV is transmitted through certain body fluids: blood, semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk. These fluids must come in contact with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue or be directly injected into the bloodstream (from a needle or syringe) for transmission to occur.
HIV can be transmitted through:
- Sexual contact with an infected person, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex.
- Sharing needles or other injection equipment with someone who has HIV.
- From a mother to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
There is no cure for AIDS, but there are medications that can help people with HIV stay healthy for many years. These are called antiretroviral therapy (ART) drugs. ART is recommended for everyone with HIV, regardless of how healthy they are. ART can’t cure HIV, but it can suppress the virus so that people with HIV can live long, healthy lives and prevent transmission to others.
Symptoms of HIV may not appear for years after a person is infected. When they do appear, they can include:
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Sore throat
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
However, some people may not experience any symptoms at all.
The only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested. Testing is quick, easy, and confidential. There are many different types of HIV tests, but they all look for HIV antibodies in the blood, which are created by the body to fight off the virus.
If a person is diagnosed with HIV, it is important to start ART as soon as possible. ART can slow or stop the progression of HIV, prolonging the person’s life and preventing transmission to others.
Prevention is key in controlling the spread of HIV. To reduce the risk of HIV infection, people can:
- Use condoms during sexual activity
- Limit the number of sexual partners
- Get tested and treated for sexually transmitted infections
- Don’t share needles or other injection equipment
- Consider pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a daily pill that can lower the risk of getting HIV from sex by more than 90%.
- Consider post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), a short course of ART that can lower the risk of getting HIV after a possible exposure.
It is important to remember that people with HIV can lead long and healthy lives with proper medical care and treatment. With advances in medicine, people with HIV are living longer and healthier lives than ever before.
It is also worth noting that not only people from certain backgrounds or regions are affected by the HIV/AIDS, it is a global epidemic and affects people from all walks of life and diverse backgrounds. The importance of education and awareness about the disease, prevention, and treatment cannot be overstated.
In conclusion, AIDS is a serious and sometimes fatal condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which attacks the body’s immune