(What is FIR Full Form?):(FIR Full Form)

(What is FIR Full Form?):(FIR Full Form)

FIR full form is “First Information Report

What is an FIR?

When the police acquire information concerning the commission of a cognizable offence, they generate a written document called a First Information Report (FIR). The First Information Report is a report of information that reaches the police first in time, which is why it is called that.

It’s usually a complaint filed with the police by the victim of a criminal offence or someone acting on his or her behalf. Anyone can report the commission of a cognizable offence to the police, either verbally or in writing. A telephone communication might also be considered a FIR.

It is the police’s responsibility to file a FIR without delay or justification. Non-registration of a police report is a crime that can lead to disciplinary action against the officer involved.

Related article: (What is NCC Full Form?): (NCC Full Form)

fir full form

Cognizable Offence:

A cognizable offence is one that allows the authorities to detain someone without a warrant. They have the authority to initiate an inquiry into a cognizable case without the need for judicial permission.

Non-cognizable Offence:

A non-cognizable offence is one for which a police officer does not have the right to arrest without a warrant. Without the consent of the court, the police are unable to investigate such a crime.

What is the significance of FIR?

An FIR is a crucial document since it initiates the criminal justice process. The police begin their investigation of the crime only when the FIR is filed at the police station.

FIR is an important fact, according to Articles 21, 22, 23, 25, 49, and 50 of the Qanoon-e-Shahadat Order 1984.

Who is eligible to file a police report? An FIR can be filed by anybody who has information concerning the commission of a cognizable offence.

It is not required to submit a FIR solely if you are the victim of a crime. A police officer who learns of a cognizable offence might submit a FIR on his or her own. If you are the individual who committed the crime, you can submit a FIR.

2 You are aware of a criminal offence that has occurred.

3 You were present when the crime was committed.

Even if you submit a FIR, the police may refuse to investigate your complaint if:

1. the matter is not serious in nature;

2. the police believe there is insufficient evidence to investigate;

3. the police resources are already overburdened investigating more serious crimes.

The police, on the other hand, must keep track of the reasons for not conducting an inquiry and, in the latter instance, must notify you (Section 157 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898).

What is the procedure for filing a police report?

Section 154 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, lays forth the steps for filing a FIR. It goes like this:

1 The police must write down information concerning the commission of a cognizable offence delivered verbally.

2 As a person providing information or filing a complaint, you have the right to have the information recorded by the police read to you.

3 Once the information has been registered in the FIR Register by the police, the individual who provided it must sign it.

4 You should only sign the report after double-checking that the information recorded by the police matches the information you provided.

5 People who are unable to read or write must stamp the paper with their left thumb after ensuring that it is accurate.

6 If the police do not offer you a copy of the FIR, always ask for one.

7 It is your entitled to receive a free copy of the FIR.

What should you include in your FIR?

1: your name and address;

2: your phone number;

3: your email address;

2 The incident you’re reporting’s date, time, and location;

3 The real details of the incident, including whether or not firearms were used;

4 Persons engaged in the incident’s names and descriptions;

5 Witnesses’ names and addresses, if any.

Things you should never do:

1 Never submit a fraudulent report or provide the police incorrect information. Giving false information or deceiving the police might result in legal action (Section 182 of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860).

2 Don’t overstate or misrepresent facts.

3 Never make comments that are ambiguous or imprecise.

4 Under section 180 of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860, anyone who refuses to sign his FIR statement can be penalized.

5 Under section 211 of the Pakistan Penal Code, 1860, anybody who submits a false accusation of crime with the aim to damage a person can be penalized.

What options do you have if your FIR hasn’t been registered?

1 You can meet with the District Police Officer (DPO) or Capital City Police Officer (CCPO), as well as other higher-ranking personnel such as the Deputy Inspector General (DIG) of Police and Provincial Police Officer (PPO), to file a complaint.

2 You can file a written complaint with the DPO, CCPO, DIG, or PPO in question. If the DPO, CCPO, DIG, or PPO is pleased with your complaint, he will issue an order for the FIR to be filed.

3 You can make a complaint with your district’s District Public Safety and Police Complaints Authority.

4 You have the option of filing a private complaint with the court that has jurisdiction.

Disputes about a police station’s jurisdiction:

It is the role of the police to act and investigate the case as soon as they receive the first information regarding the occurrence of an offence. However, in rare situations, there may be a disagreement between two police stations over territorial authority over the location of the alleged crime. The police are expected to follow the following protocol in such a situation:

1- If there is any doubt regarding the police station’s jurisdiction, and each SHO claims that the region in question is not within his jurisdiction, it is the obligation of each SHO to remain on the scene and continue to investigate the matter. In such a circumstance, the case record will be kept by the SHO who arrives at the scene first until the question of jurisdiction is resolved (25-5 of the Police Rules, 1934).

2- When one of the two police officers is relieved after senior police officers have determined the area of jurisdiction, the released officer must write a report of what he has done in a case diary and sign it, noting the date and time of his relief. Such a case diary should be turned over to the other police officer, who shall attest that the case happened within his station borders or is one that he is authorized to investigate, as the case may be (25-6 of the Police Rules, 1934).

3- When a case is transferred from one police station to another, the Superintendent of Police must annul the crime filed in the original police station and file a FIR in the police station in the jurisdiction where the case occurred after determining the area of jurisdiction.

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