(WMO Full Form: What is Full Form of WMO?)

(WMO Full Form: What is Full Form of WMO?)

WMO Full Form is “World Meteorological Organization

About WMO:

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an international group comprising 191 Member States and Territories. It was created by the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was established in 1873. On 23 March 1950, the WMO Convention was ratified, establishing WMO as a legal entity. A year later, WMO was designated as the UN’s specialized agency for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology, and associated geophysical sciences.

The Secretariat, headquartered in Geneva, is headed by the Secretary-General The World Meteorological Congress is its top body. The United Nations has a specialist organization called the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). In terms of the condition and behavior of the Earth’s atmosphere, its interactions with the seas, the climate it creates, and the distribution of water resources that results, it is the UN system’s authoritative voice. WMO allows the real-time or almost real-time sharing of data and information, goods, and services on topics related to societal safety and security, economic well-being, and environmental protection. At the national and international levels, it helps with the development of policy in these areas.

(WMO Full Form: What is Full Form of WMO?)

Details on global, regional, and national temperatures and extreme weather occurrences are included in the WMO Statement on the state of the World Climate, which is issued yearly. Indicators of long-term climate change such as sea level rise, the extent of the sea ice, and atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are also included. The most current WMO study states that 2016 was the warmest year ever, with several weather and climatic extremes.

WMO History:

Governments and meteorologists alike were largely happy with this arrangement, which was made possible by the International Meteorological Institution (IMO), a non-governmental organization that served the cause of international meteorology well for around three quarters of a century. However, it became increasingly clear in the middle of the 1930s—at least to the majority of meteorologists—that such a status as the main focus of international meteorology was incompatible with the significance that meteorology at that time enjoyed in relation to the enormous economic and technological advancements taking place at the time.

A new World Meteorological Convention version (the Berlin Draft) had been produced by 1939, but World War II gradually slowed down the process of getting it approved.

The Secretariat was moved to Switzerland, a neutral nation, immediately after the Berlin summit in 1939, making some more work feasible despite the challenging time.

The Conference of Directors meeting’s agenda, which was held in Washington in September 1947, made clear how different and fascinating the meteorological world was after the war. The 400 resolutions were an accurate reflection of the wide range of topics discussed at the technical and regional commission meetings held in Toronto the month prior, including codes, units, diagrams, symbols, instruments, methods of observation, station networks, telecommunications, the safety of air navigation, climatological statistics, publications, documents, education, professional training, meteorological research, legal issues, and administrative matters.

Relationships between the IMO and the International Ice Patrol, International Telecommunication Union, and International Civil Aviation Organization were also examined. However, its status and structure were the matter that concerned IMO the most following the war.

As early as February 1946, when the Conference of Directors ordered the International Meteorological Committee to issue a new IMO constitution that would turn the Organization into an intergovernmental entity, efforts to find a solution started.

The WMO, which has 193 members, promotes the “open and unlimited” exchange of data, information, and research between each member country’s meteorological and hydrological institutes. On issues pertaining to environmental preservation, climate change, resource management, and socioeconomic development, it also works with nonprofit groups and other global organizations.

The World Meteorological Congress, which meets every four years to establish policies and goals, is the body that oversees the WMO, which has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. An Executive Council headed by the President, who is presently Germany’s Gerhard Adrian, governs the Congress. The World Meteorological Organization Convention was signed on October 11, 1947, and approved on March 23, 1950, and it served as the basis for the creation of the WMO. The Convention, which lays out the WMO’s goals, rules of operation, and overarching structure, is the organization’s founding document.

WMO Hierarchy:

  • The policy-making body of the Organization is the World Meteorological Congress. When Congress meets every four years, each member state and territory is represented by a Permanent Representative with WMO. The Secretary-General is chosen by the Congress, which also elects the Organization’s President, Vice-Presidents, and members of the Executive Council.
  • The Secretariat is an eight-department organization with a staff of 200 people and is led by a Secretary-General who can serve a maximum of two four-year terms.
  • The Executive Council (EC) is responsible for carrying out decisions made by the Congress.

Main functions of WMO:

The purpose of WMO’s work is to offer the Member States technological and scientific systems for services and information related to weather, climate, and water. The following list includes some of the main goals of the WMO:

  • Enhance and promote the development and management of systems for the quick

exchange of weather and meteorological data.

  • Encouraging the standardization of meteorology and weather-related observations.
  • Expand the use of meteorology in areas such as shipping, agriculture, and water


  • Promote cooperation between hydrological and meteorological services and

hydrological activities.

  • Encourage research and training initiatives in meteorology and related fields.
  • Participate in the development of water, weather, and climate policy on a global and

national scale.

What is the purpose of WMO?

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized organization of the United Nations that promotes global cooperation and coordination on the condition and behavior of the Earth’s atmosphere, its interactions with land and seas, the weather and climate it creates, and the distribution of water resources that results.

When was WMO established?

The IMO Conference of Directors conducted its final gathering in Paris in March 1951, and on March 23, 1950, the IMO officially became the World Meteorological Organization.

(What is NCC Full Form?): (NCC Full Form)

WMO Headquarter?

The Head quarter of World Meteorological Congress, is in Geneva, Switzerland. The World Meteorological Congress, which is made up of member states and meets every four years to establish policies and goals, monitors the WMO.The Secretary-General is in charge of the Secretariat, which has its headquarters in Geneva. The World Meteorological Congress is its highest authority.

Who is the founder of WMO?

The World Meteorological Convention, which was approved at the IMO’s 12th director’s conference in 1947, served as the foundation for the WMO.

What are WMO Codes?

World Meteorological Organization (WMO) codes are used to identify NWS products distributed from your news provider, or the NWS Weather Wire. You can use this list as a guide when ordering NWS items.

What is a WMO Number?

All weather observation stations, including moored buoys, drifting buoys, and C-Man, are given a 5-character alpha-numeric station code by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). In addition to drifting buoys, which maintain the ID given at the deployment place, these IDs are often location-specific.

How to join WMO?

Applicants must use the e-recruitment system in order to be taken into consideration for any post within WMO.

This can be done by completing a profile at

(What is NRI Full Form?): (NRI Full Form)


Which is World Metrology Day?

May 20 is the World Metrology Day, celebrates the anniversary of the Metre Convention’s signature in 1875.

What is climate change WMO?

WMO supports the development of climate policies with reliable guidance and knowledge on climate change adaptation, mitigation and societal repercussions. The National Hydrological and Meteorological Services and the WMO community provide WMO with the finest possible scientific knowledge.

What is heat wave WMO?

According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), a heat wave is a time period in which the daily maximum temperature is 9 degrees Fahrenheit (5 degrees Celsius) higher than the maximum normal temperature for more than five consecutive days. The normal period is designated as 1961-1990.

Which reports published by WMO?

  • World Meteorological Congress reports.
  • Executive Council reports.
  • Regional Association reports.
  • Technical Commission reports.
  • Audit Committee reports.
  • Financial Statements.
  • WMO Standards (publications)

Strategic Plan of  WMO:

  • Disaster risk reduction
  • The Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS)
  • The WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS)
  • Aviation meteorological services
  • Polar and high mountain regions
  • Capacity development
  • Governance



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